A major challenge for policy makers in less favored countries is to provide millions of people with minimum amount of energy to solve their basic and essential daily needs.
In India, for example there are about 400 million people that lack access to electricity, i.e. more than the combined population of the U.S. and Canada. The situation in many other parts of the world may look the same, in particular Africa. The problem is that elections in many countries are conducted on un-realistic promises without workable solutions that ends up with little, no solutions or even more negative impacts. Solutions that are not implemented in time would certainly make the situation worse. The outgoing government led by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh missed a 2012 target to provide electricity to all households. Now , India’s new government led by Narendra Modi plans to harness solar power to enable every home to run at least one light bulb by 2019. So, assuming that the outgoing government had some six years to solve India’s energy delimma, the situation now is such that solutions will further be delayed by another seven years. In total 13 years to deliver solutions if we assume that the current government will be successful. People have to wait for at least one decade not for getting solutions but to hope for change.