In many places around the world there are many successful examples of rural-urban integrative approaches. Such approaches provide local and regional populations with diverse socio-economic benefits.
Examples are given here on the required sustainable management approaches for improving ecosystem services, enhancing ecological processes and multifunctionality on landscape level and thereby achieving large-scale and long-term sustainable socio-economic developments. These examples can service as models that can be used for transforming vast rural-urban regions, e.g. in Africa, that so far suffer from severe segregation with enormous threats for failing future urbanization.